Refugee Life in Confederate Virginia: The Diary of Betty Herndon Maury

Confederate sympathizer Betty Herndon Maury (1835-1903) kept a two-volume diary from June 3, 1861, to February 18, 1863, while her family lived as refugees, primarily in Fredericksburg, Virginia. She recorded comments on the progress of the American Civil War, the contributions of women to the Confederate war effort, the military activities of the Maury family, and the effect of the war on enslaved persons and racial interactions. Betty Maury also documented the emotional impact of the conflict on her young daughter, Nannie Belle Maury (1858-1939).