The Revolution and Early Republic

The Gladstone collection evinces the active participation of enslaved and free black men in the American independence movement. The earliest manuscripts in the collection are pay vouchers that the State of Connecticut issued to black soldiers who served in the Continental Army during the Revolutionary War (1775-1783). Several related documents concern the distribution of clothing to these soldiers. There is also a record of a tax levied to procure a man for three years of army service. “Negroes” Pompey and Moses are included on the list of individuals to be taxed. Pay vouchers issued to white officers (1818-1819) include compensation for the care of enslaved men and boys who accompanied them.