5. July 16, 1904-Sept. 23, 1905: President in His Own Right

President Theodore Roosevelt (1858-1919) was a prolific writer of books, articles, and especially letters, and received as much mail as he sent. His correspondents ranged from heads of states to average Americans, and covered a wide range of topics. Discover what Roosevelt and his correspondents had to say about the issues of their day.

Matters relating to the presidential election arrived in President Roosevelt’s mail in the second half of 1904, along with the normal communications about domestic policies and foreign relations. Roosevelt was elected president in his own right in November, at which time he vowed not to run again in 1908 (a pledge he later regretted). The Russo-Japanese War (1904-1905) dominated T. R.’s attention in international affairs, and he mediated an end to the conflict with the Treaty of Portsmouth in early September 1905 (for which he would be awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1906).